Due to certain factors, the marginal gingiva, which lines the edges of the teeth, pulls back and exposes the roots of the teeth. Exposed roots create tiny gaps that often become the breeding grounds for bacteria causing decay, tooth loss, and even infection. What are treatment options for receding gums? Consulting with your dentist and/or periodontist for more information is the best way to confirm whether you have gingival recession. They measure the gaps to identify the condition’s level of severity and determine the existence of other gum and dental diseases, only then can they recommend appropriate course of actions.